Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Jul. 31, 2019
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Text Block]


Litigation Matters

Other than below and lawsuits we have historically brought to enforce our patent rights, we are not a party to any material pending legal proceedings other than that which arise in the ordinary course of business.  We believe that any liability that may ultimately result from the resolution of these matters will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

On November 5, 2018, a putative shareholder derivative complaint was filed in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, captioned Howland v. Kumar et al., C.A. No. 2018-0804-KSJM (the “Derivative Action”), that alleged claims for breach of fiduciary duty and unjust enrichment.  The Derivative Action named as defendants certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors (the “Individual Defendants”), and the Company was named solely as a nominal defendant.  On August 21, 2019, the Company entered into a settlement pursuant to which the Company agreed to certain changes in its corporate governance policies and to reprice certain stock options that were repriced on September 6, 2017 to $0.67 to the option price immediately prior to that repricing.  The Company also agreed to pay certain legal fees, with such fees to be paid from the Company’s D&O insurance.  As a result of this settlement, all of the claims asserted in the Derivative Action will be dismissed.  The Individual Defendants have denied, and continue to deny, any and all allegations of wrongdoing or liability asserted in the Derivative Action.  The Individual Defendants have further asserted, and continue to assert, that at all relevant times, they acted in good faith and in a manner that they reasonably believed to be in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders.  The Individual Defendants have entered into the settlement solely to eliminate the uncertainty, distraction, disruption, burden, risk, and expense of further litigation.