Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2014
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Organization, Consolidation, Basis of Presentation, Business Description and Accounting Policies [Text Block]


Description of Business

As used herein, “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company”, “CopyTele” or “CTI” means CopyTele, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated. The primary operations of the Company involve the development, acquisition, licensing, and enforcement of patented technologies that are either owned or controlled by the Company. The Company currently owns or controls 9 patent portfolios including Encrypted Mobile Communication; ePaper® Electrophoretic Display; Internet Telephonic Gateway; J-Channel Window Frame Construction; Key Based Web Conferencing Encryption; Loyalty Conversion Systems; Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Display; Nano Field Emission Display; and VPN Multicast Communications.  

As part of our patent assertion activities and in the ordinary course of our business, the Company has initiated and will likely continue to initiate patent infringement lawsuits, and engage in patent infringement litigation. In March of 2013, the Company initiated its sixth patent assertion campaign, bringing the total number of lawsuits since we implemented our patent monetization business model in January of 2013, to 42.

Our primary source of revenue will come from licenses resulting from the unauthorized use of our patented technologies, including the settlement of patent infringement lawsuits. For the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2014, the Company entered into 5 revenue producing license and/or settlement agreements including agreements with Logitech Inc. in connection with our patented Key Based Web Encryption technology, and HWD Acquisition, Inc., PGT Industries, Inc., MI Window and Doors LLC, and YKK-AP American Inc., in connection with our patented J-Channel Window Frame Construction technology. These licenses resolved lawsuits that were pending against the aforementioned companies.

Since implementing our new business model in January of 2013, the Company has entered into a total of 9 revenue producing license and/or settlement agreements, and 3 of our 6 patent assertion campaigns have generated revenue. As a result of our license/settlement agreements, the Company currently has 33 pending patent infringement lawsuits.

In addition to continuing to mine and monetize our existing patents, our wholly owned subsidiary, CTI Patent Acquisition Corporation, will continue to acquire patents and the exclusive rights to license and enforce patents from third parties. When necessary, we will assist such parties in the further development of their patent portfolios through the filing of additional patent applications.

In April 2013, CopyTele, through its wholly owned subsidiary, CTI Patent Acquisition Corporation, acquired the exclusive rights to license and enforce patent portfolios relating to (i) loyalty awards programs commonly provided by airlines, credit card companies, hotels, retailers, casinos, and others, and (ii) vinyl windows with integrated J-Channels, commonly used in modular buildings, mobile homes, and conventional, new construction.  

In November 2013, CTI Patent Acquisition Corporation acquired 2 patent portfolios in the rapidly expanding area of unified communications relating to (i) the multicast Internet delivery of streaming data, media, and other content, within the confines of specialized virtual private networks, and (ii) the integration of telephonic participation in web-based audio/video conferences by creating a gateway between the Internet and cellular or traditional landline telephones.

Due to arrangements previously entered into by the Company, certain of our patents contain encumbrances which may negatively impact our patent monetization and patent assertion activities. Where we are able, we will take the steps necessary to remove any encumbrances that may inhibit our patent monetization and patent assertion activities.

Funding and Management’s Plans

In January 2013, we received aggregate gross proceeds of $1,765,000 from the issuance of 8% convertible debentures due January 25, 2015 in a private placement. During the third quarter of fiscal 2013, $325,000 of the principal amount of these debentures were converted into 2,166,775 shares of our common stock. During the second quarter of fiscal 2014, $1,440,000 of the principal amount of the convertible debentures were converted into 8,267,080 of shares of our common stock, and the remaining $200,000 of convertible debt was repaid in cash.  

On November 11, 2013, the Company completed a private placement with a single institutional investor, pursuant to which the Company issued a $3,500,000 principal amount 6% convertible debenture due November 11, 2016.  For details on this debenture, please see Note 2, “Convertible Debentures” herein.  

During the six months ended April 30, 2014, cash used in operating activities was approximately $1,680,000.  Cash used in investing activities during the six months ended April 30, 2014 was $2,051,000, which resulted from the purchase of certificates of deposit totaling $2,700,000 which was partially offset by the sale of certificates of deposit totaling $650,000.  Our cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended April 30, 2014 was approximately $3,451,000, which resulted from the sale of convertible debentures in a private placement for $3,500,000 and the proceeds from exercise of warrants to purchase common stock of approximately $150,000, offset by the payment to redeem convertible debentures of $200,000.   As a result, our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments at April 30, 2014 increased approximately $1,770,000 to approximately $2,668,000 from approximately $898,000 at the end of fiscal year 2013.

Based on currently available information, the Company believes that its existing cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and accounts receivable, and expected cash flows from patent licensing and enforcement, and other potential sources of cash flows will be sufficient to enable it to continue our patent licensing and enforcement activities for at least 12 months. However, our projections of future cash needs and cash flows may differ from actual results. If current cash on hand and cash that may be generated from the Stock Purchase Agreement and from patent licensing and enforcement activities are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, we may seek to sell equity securities or obtain loans from various financial institutions where possible. The sale of additional equity securities or convertible debt could result in dilution to our shareholders. We can give no assurance that we will generate sufficient cash flows in the future (through licensing and enforcement of patents, or otherwise) to satisfy our liquidity requirements or sustain future operations, or that other sources of funding, such as sales of equity or debt, would be available, if needed, on favorable terms or at all. We can also give no assurance that we will have sufficient funds to repay our outstanding indebtedness. If we cannot obtain such funding if needed or if we cannot sufficiently reduce operating expenses, we would need to curtail or cease some or all of our operations.  

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, certain information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles in annual financial statements have been omitted or condensed.  These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended October 31, 2013, as reported by us in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on January 16, 2014.  The year-end consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  The condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of our financial position as of April 30, 2014, and results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods represented.  The results of operations for the three months ended April 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the etire year.


Our only identifiable intangible assets are patents and patent rights.  We capitalize patent and patent rights acquisition costs and amortize the cost over the estimated economic useful life.  Patent acquisition costs capitalized during the three and six months ended April 30, 2014 and 2013, was approximately $3,036,000 and $-0-, respectively.  We recorded patent amortization expense of approximately $152,000 and $-0- during the six months ended April 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and approximately $81,000 and $-0- during the three months ended April 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.