Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2016
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Tax Disclosure [Text Block]

8.         INCOME TAXES

We file Federal, New York State and California State income tax returns.  Due to net operating losses, the statute of limitations for Federal and New York State income tax returns remains open to examination by taxing authorities since the fiscal year ended October 31, 1997.  We account for interest and penalties related to income tax matters, if any, in marketing, general and administrative expenses. There are no unrecognized income tax benefits as of January 31, 2016 and October 31, 2015.

We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the estimated future tax effects of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse.  A valuation allowance is established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. We have substantial net operating loss carryforwards for Federal and New York State income tax returns. We have provided a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax asset due to our historical pre-tax losses and the uncertainty regarding the realizability of these deferred tax assets.

On December 29, 2014, we reached a Settlement Agreement resulting in our receipt of an aggregate of $9,000,000 in settlement of a dispute (Note 1).  As a result we realized taxable income during the first quarter of fiscal year 2015.  Any taxable income for the full fiscal year was completely offset by our net operating loss carryforwards, resulting in no tax due in any jurisdiction.  Accordingly, we have not recorded a tax provision for the three months ended January 31, 2015 as a result of the partial release of the valuation reserve recorded against our deferred tax assets.